Bakris, G., et al. “Atlas vertebra realignment and achievement of arterial pressure goal in hypertensive patients: a pilot study.” Journal of human hypertension 21.5 (2007): 347-352. http://www.nature.com/jhh/journal/v21/n5/abs/1002133a.html

Bronfort, Gert, Mitchel Haas, and Roni Evans. “The clinical effectiveness of spinal manipulation for musculoskeletal conditions.” Haldeman S. Principles and practice of chiropractic, 3rd edition. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc 147166 (2005).

Crawford, John P., G. S. Hickson, and M. R. Wiles. “The management of hypertensive disease: a review of spinal manipulation and the efficacy of conservative therapeusis.” Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics 9.1 (1986): 27-32. http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/3517211

Dimmick K, Young M, Newell D. Chiropractic Manipulation Affects the Difference Between Arterial Systolic Blood Pressures on the Left and Right in Normotensive Subjects JMPT Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2006, Pages 46–50


Goertz, Christine H., et al. “Treatment of Hypertension with Alternative Therapies (THAT) Study: a randomized clinical trial.” Journal of hypertension 20.10 (2002): 2063-2068. http://journals.lww.com/jhypertension/Abstract/2002/10000/Treatment_of_Hypertension_with_Alternative.27.aspx

Goertz, CM, Salsbury SA, Vining RD, Long CR, Pohlman KA, Weeks WB, LamasGA, Effect of Spinal Manipulation of Upper Cervical Vertebrae on Blood Pressure: Results of a Pilot Sham-Controlled Trial. JMPT June 2016 Volume 39, Issue 5, Pages 369–380  http://www.jmptonline.org/article/S0161-4754(16)30032-X/abstract

Hawk, Cheryl, et al. “Chiropractic care for nonmusculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review with implications for whole systems research.” The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 13.5 (2007): 491-512. http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2007.7088

Liao, I-Chen, et al. “Effects of massage on blood pressure in patients with hypertension and prehypertension: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.” Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing 31.1 (2016): 73-83. http://journals.lww.com/jcnjournal/Abstract/2016/01000/Effects_of_Massage_on_Blood_Pressure_in_Patients.11.aspx  [although not chiropractic per se, many chiropractor use STW]

Long, C. R., et al. “A randomized controlled-comparison clinical trial of chiropractic adjustments and brief massage treatment in patients with essential hypertension: A pilot study.” Bournemouth, UK: International Conference on Spinal Manipulation, 1996.

Mangum, Kevin, Lester Partna, and Darcy Vavrek. “Spinal manipulation for the treatment of hypertension: a systematic qualitative literature review.” Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics 35.3 (2012): 235-243. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0161475412000267

McMasters, Kim L., et al. “Blood pressure changes in African American patients receiving chiropractic care in a teaching clinic: a preliminary study.” Journal of chiropractic medicine 12.2 (2013): 55-59. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1556370713000576

Plaugher, Gregory, et al. “Practice-based randomized controlled-comparison clinical trial of chiropractic adjustments and brief massage treatment at sites of subluxation in subjects with essential hypertension: pilot study.” Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics 25.4 (2002): 221-239. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016147540228879X

Welch A, Boone R. Sympathetic and parasympathetic responses to specific diversified adjustments to chiropractic vertebral subluxations of the cervical and thoracic spine. J Chiro Medicine Volume 7, Issue 3, September 2008, Pages 86–93 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S155637070800076X

Win NN, Jorgensen AM, Chen YS, Haneline MT. Effects of Upper and Lower Cervical Spinal Manipulative Therapy on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Variability in Volunteers and Patients With Neck Pain: A Randomized Controlled, Cross-Over, Preliminary Study. Journal of Chiropractic Medicine Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2015, Pages 1–9. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1556370714001710